AVOCADO


Halls is one of the world's leading producers and marketers of avocados. In addition Halls was the first avocado operation in the world to achieve an ISO9000 Universal Quality accreditation.



Avocado Orchards



Halls Avocados

The avocado, characterised botanically as a 'berry', is widely regarded as a 'Super Fruit' packed with essential vitamins and minerals. It has a perfect balance of healthy fatty acids which are known to have a benefit in controlling high cholesterol. Whilst this fruit is rich in energy, it is certainly not fattening if eaten in moderation as part of a healthy eating plan.

Avocados do not ripen on the tree and are regarded as climacteric fruit. An avocado must therefore be picked from its parent plant before the natural plant hormone initiates the ripening process. When ripening avocados at home, a fruit bowl containing papayas or bananas will help speed up the ripening process due to the elevated ethylene levels in and around the fruit bowl.

Avocado production is ideally suited to sub-tropical climates but production does extend to coastal Mediterranean type climates. Avocado production requires particular orchard management practices to be carried out within specific physiological windows to ensure optimal yield and quality. Bee pollination is critical at flowering and it is thus imperative that growers embrace the importance of these beneficial insects.

To ensure the crop is cultivated within a harmonious and sustainable environment, whilst protecting it from particular insects, it is important to adopt principles of Integrated Pest Management (IPM). This ensures that pre-emptive measures of monitoring help to reduce the dependence on plant protection sprays.

Post-harvest handling from orchard to shelf requires the special attention of all experienced parties that become custodians of the fruit as it passes through the intricate chain which includes grading, packing, refrigeration, trucking and containerisation. Providing all steps have proceeded well, the fruit arrives into distant destination markets in a fresh condition similar to that of when it was picked off the tree.

  

HASS

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GREENSKIN

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VARIETALS

There are many existing varieties of avocado but the list of commercially produced and marketed cultivars is relatively defined. The avocado varietals that Halls grows and sources for our retail programmes are as follows:

HASS ​

While dozens of cultivars are grown commercially, the Hass avocado is today the most common. It produces fruit year-round and accounts for 80% of cultivated avocados in the world. Hass trees have medium-sized (150g to 250g), ovate fruit with a black, pebbled skin when ripe. The flesh has a nutty, rich flavour.

FUERTE​

A Mexican / Guatemalan cross originating in Puebla, the Fuerte earned its name ("strong" in Spanish) after it withstood a severe frost in California in 1913.  Fuerte is medium-sized with a green, leathery, easy-to-peel skin. The flesh is creamy with a mild flavour. The skin ripens green.

EDRANOL

The first Edranol seed was planted in California in 1927. This fruit is pear in shape, medium to large sized, olive-green in colour with a slightly rough skin. The fruit has a relatively small seed giving a ​good flesh to seed ratio. The flesh has a nutty, rich flavour.

PINKERTON

The Pinkerton variety is a relatively large fruit, has a small seed, and its green skin deepens in color as it ripens. The flesh has a smooth, creamy texture, pale green color, good flavour, with excellent peeling characteristics.

REED

Developed from a chance seedling found in 1948 by James S. Reed in California, this cultivar has large, round, green fruit with a smooth texture and dark, thick, glossy skin. Smooth and delicate, the flesh has a slightly nutty flavour. The skin ripens green.

RYAN

The Ryan tree was founded in 1927 in California and known for its slightly larger seed. This fruit is medium-large sized and egg-shaped. The skin is green when ripe and it has a relatively smooth skin texture compared to that of other varieties.

LAMB HASS

This cultivar is a prolific bearer and tends to mature later in the season. The fruit is relatively large in size and is obovate in shape. It has a relatively small seed giving a favourable flesh to seed ratio. Skin colour turns black when it ripens and the flesh has a creamy nutty flavour.

ZUTANO

Originated as early as 1926 in California. The fruit is pear in shape, is a medium to small size and has a lighter green skin than the other varieties. It is delicate to handle and prone to diseases upon ripening. Interestingly this fruit is grown where it is too cold to grow Hass.

RIPENING

Although a natural process, the ripening of an avocado can be managed to perfection with the correct technical understanding both at harvest and during the ripening procedure.

The fruit is always shipped at low temperatures to hold it in a "sleeping" state throughout transportation. Depending on the destination customer's requirement, the fruit is then "woken up" to be delivered at the required stage of ripeness. Fruit can arrived "triggered" which then ripens through the customer's own supply chain, or is fully ripened and ready to eat. Halls has the technical expertise to manage this process, ensuring an excellent eating experience.

With facilities in South Africa, Paris, Marseille and Rotterdam, Halls can take the fruit from our carefully managed orchards all the way to our customers' door.

HALLS PACKAGING

Halls strives to supply our customers with packaging formats to meet their specific requirements. Current formats are as follows:

  • 4kg cartons
  • 10.5kg cartons
  • Flow-wrapped punnets in either 1, 2, 3 and 4 avocados per punnet
  • Heat-sealed punnets of 1 or 2 avocados per punnet
  • Bags
  • Nets

For additional information on packaging dimensions, configurations and customised packaging offerings please contact a Halls sales representative.

Halls' principle product, avocado, is sourced from our own farms as well as from our global grower partners to offer a year-round supply.